House Design Checklist

By Duo Dickinson, Originally Published in Houseplans.com

Whether you're looking for a cabin plan or a larger house, the Design Survey will help you clarify needs and wants. Plan 891-3

Creating a home is complicated. To figure out what works for us in a home, we must know how we want to use the space. But let’s face it: most of us adapt how we live to the layout and location of our homes, rather than the other way around. Most homes don’t fit the way people live because they were not designed specifically for their occupants. How can we bridge the gap between what we know about homes generally, what we want our dream homes to contain, and how to make the space work for us? Much of that can come from knowing the right questions to ask.

That’s where this survey can help. Use it as a guide to see if a design meets all your requirements, and whether modifications are possible. Even if a stock plan fits your needs perfectly, it has to mesh with your building lot and a variety of codes (zoning/wetlands/septic /energy), so change may be inevitable.

This survey does not supplant a designer or architect, but will help jump-start the design process. These questions will help you understand what you need and want in a home, and will serve to reveal the possibilities and limitations of your current space. They will empower you to gain control over your home, whether you’re living in it now or are thinking of building new. Sometimes very inexpensive and small changes in a plan can make all the difference.

Where
 

Every site has natural characteristics, whether in a town, a city, or the suburbs. Think about terrain, trees, foliage, weather, and man-made realities:
 
1. Do you want to live on a flat site or one with a slope?
2. Do you want a small site with neighbors close at hand (one quarter of an acre or less), a medium-size site (an acre to an acre and a half), a generous site (an acre and a half to 3 acres), or a large site (more than 3 acres)?
3. Do you want large trees or open areas, or both?
4. Do you want a view, or to be protected from people viewing your home, or both?
5. If you want a view, do you prefer a rolling landscape? The ocean or a river, lake, or pond? Mountains? Trees or fields?
6. Do you want a lawn that is mowed?
7. Do you want to have gardens that you maintain (annuals), gardens that are planted once and then need to be trimmed and weeded (perennials), or a naturalized site with no gardening necessary?

Size

How big do you want your home to be?
1. Under 900 square feet: 1 or 2 bedrooms, 1 bath, no garage
2. Under 1,300 square feet: 2 to 3 bedrooms, 1 bath, no garage
3. Under 2,000 square feet: 3 bedrooms, 1 1⁄2 bath, both formal and informal living areas, dining area, perhaps a garage or car port
4. Under 2,800 square feet: 3 1⁄2 bedrooms, 2 baths, dedicated office space, informal and formal living areas, possibly a separate back door/mudroom, perhaps a garage
5. Under 3,600 square feet: 4 bedrooms, 2 1⁄2 baths, kitchen with separate pantry, dedicated formal and informal living areas, dedicated office, dedicated project/homework/craft area, dedicated laundry room, study, separate back door/mudroom, two-car garage
 6. Under 4,500 square feet: 5 bedrooms plus dedicated spaces for many activities, separate front door/ back door-mudroom, second staircase, 3 1/2 baths, a laundry plus localized washer/driers, 3 car garage.
7. Above 4,500 square feet (no upper limit)

Layout

1. Do you want a house that has formal and informal functions held apart, including entries, or do you want an open, flowing interior?
2. A home that has separate rooms or spaces that are created within one large open interior – either formal or informal?
3. Will there be separate areas for generations to live together – parents living in, children back from school – or just one area for sleeping accommodations?
4. Do you want a master suite separate from other bedrooms?
5. Do you want a master suite on a different floor from other bedrooms?
6. Do you need separate spaces for working out, working at home, homework?
7. Do you want a private way to get into your home and get to bedrooms ion addition to a public way, or does one entry stair, and hallway work for you?
8. Do you want a basement for future expansion?
9. An attic for storage/future expansion?
10. Do you want a one-level home (easiest for “universal design”) or two-level home (normal sleeping above and living below; “split” – sleeping one side, living other side; or “upside down” – living above sleeping?
11. A “master bedroom down” house?
12. A three-level home with a finished basement?
13. A three-level home with a finished attic?
14. A walkout basement?
15. Do you want direct access to the outdoors from as many spaces as possible or controlled outdoor access from a few spaces?
16. A screened porch/outdoor room?
17. A patio/terrace that is uncovered?
18. A deck?

Spaces and Functions

The layout you just determined organizes the rooms that harbor your activities, so do you want:

General
1. Taller ceilings? In what spaces?
2.  Separation from the stair to other spaces?
3.  Separation from the kitchen to other spaces?
4.  Minimal or generous hallways?
5.  Garage – 1, 2, 3 or more cars?
6.  A separate back stair near back door?
7.  Space to display art?
8.  Space or storage for books?
9.  A social TV/media room, or separate TV’s in smaller locations such as a study or bedrooms?
10. Do you need Limited Mobility access? Universal Design?  

Kitchen/Dining/Great Room
1. An eat-in kitchen?
2. A separate dining area?
3. A social area in the same space as the kitchen?
4. A kitchen island or peninsula for food prep and buffet?
5. A separate freezer?
6. A prep sink in addition to a clean-up sink in the kitchen?
7. A walk-in pantry?
8. A sewing area?

Bedrooms and Bathrooms
1. A dressing room in addition to closet storage in the master suite?
2. Walk-in closet(s) in master suite?
3. A second/off-season closet, cedar or other
4. A separate area to work out? Where?
5. A tub, tub-shower, or separate shower in any, one, or all bathrooms?
6. Separate sinks in master bath; other bathrooms?
7. A shared bath – called a Jack-and Jill bath – connecting two bedrooms?
8. How many linear feet of hanging storage for each non-master bedroom? In master bedroom?
9. A second master suite with en suite bath?

Laundry/Utility
1. A laundry room or mud room with added space for additional functions, sink, folding area, hanging area, hampers?
2.  Laundry room in basement? First floor? Second floor? More than one location?
3. A back door with a mud room/pantry connection to the kitchen next to the garage?

Features
1. A fireplace? Wood or gas? In what room(s)?
 2. A bar?
3. A media room?
4. A central sound system?
5. A central vacuum system?
6.Transoms over doors?
7. Skylights?
8. Other amenities like hot tub or pool?

Connection
1. Do you want to walk out of your home at the same level as your backyard?
2. Do you want to go out of your home and feel elevated above grade?
3. Do you want privacy from street and neighbors  or is some public exposure acceptable?

Style
1. What architectural style do you prefer?
2. What are the elements of that style that attract you? Will those elements suit your climate and site?

Energy/Eco
1. Solar panels?
2. Solar hot water heater?
3. To build with structural insulated panels (SIPs) or other energy-efficient building system?
4. To use eco-friendly materials?

Factors that Affect Cost

Obviously bigger means more to build, but building a larger simpler home using generic technologies and materials can cost less than a smaller more complicated home with customized craftsmanship.

Describe your property:
1. Flat (less costly to build on)
2. Lightly sloped (little cost impact)
3.Too steep for you to drive up if paved (will cost more to build upon)
4. Rock outcroppings breaking through the dirt (will cost more to build upon)

Describe your site’s ground water:
1. Dry (less costly)
2. Wet areas, even in summer (might have costs associated with construction)
3. Mostly wet/boggy/covered by water (will cost more to build upon)

What is the level of your property in relation to the access road?
1. Same level (less costly)
2. A grade change up or down you could not drive upon but isolated to the area near the road (more costly to deal with)
3. A level change that makes access to the buildable area a real issue, i. e. lots of fill to be added or earth removed (will cost more to build upon)

Infrastructure: what does your site have access to (with each yes, there is less cost)
1. City water
2. City sewers
3. Gas in the street
4. Power lines on your side of the street

Preferences

Shape – which of the basic home shapes do you want for your home? They are listed in ascending order of cost.
1. Rectangular with no wings
2. Rectangular with wings and or porches
3. Angled or “bent”, but simple roof lines
4. Multiple angles and roof forms
5. Curved walls and roof planes
 
Roofs – these are listed in ascending order of cost:
1. Flat
2. Single symmetrical gable
3. Single one-way pitched roof
4. Single asymmetrical gable
5. Single hipped roof – one horizontal eave around the whole house, no angle eaves
6. Several gables, even aligned at the same height, same slope for all roof planes
7. Multiple hipped roofs, eaves aligning, same slope
8. Asymmetrical gables, varying eave heights and slopes
9. Multiple hipped roofs, eaves at varying heights and slopes
10. Multiple angled roofs/eaves
11. Curved roofs, simple/one way
12. Complex curved roofs, multiple planes, eves, etc.







November 14, 2013