Flag-waving bungalow includes a classic American example of the American porch.
Shooting the Breezeway
What is the Fourth of July without a porch to read the Declaration of Independence on? Or, when it’s time to relax with a picnic lunch after marching in your community parade...So here’s a brief (breezy!) porch history and round-up of examples that offer visual and practical, if not always patriotic, refreshment.
First, a definition: a porch is a covered space beside an entrance and usually having a separate roof; it’s an open-air shelter from sun and rain with room to sit. Variations abound from breezeways and verandas to Shingle style “piazzas.” The grander house-wrapping porches as we know them in the United States first appeared in the mid-eighteenth century with Dutch Colonial examples like Van Cortland Manor in New York’s Hudson River Valley (photo above courtesy Historic Hudson Valley), or the Fortier House (Homeplace Plantation) at Hahnville on the Missisippi shown below, (historic photo courtesy WikimediaCommons). Such porches became more common in mild climate areas
especially in the French Colonial South around New Orleans and ultimately may have come from the West Indies in the late 18th and early 19th centuries. Spanish and Mexican porch traditions influenced the design of porch structures in western parts of the country as in the Old Custom House at Monterey,
California, built between 1827and 1846, with its adobe walls, tile roof, andtimbered balconies (photo courtesy SF Gate). Perhaps the ultimate double-decker porch is one everyone knows well: it’s on The White House and is known as the South Portico, which was added in 1830 (photo courtesy The White House Museum).
A portico, by the way is defined as a porch that has columns and a temple front — or you could say it’s a porch with pretensions.The porch as multi-purpose outdoor room has always fascinated architects and designers. I’m especially interested in ways the porch can be shaped: it has almost infinite possibilities; for example, here’s a famous design by Turnbull Griffin Haesloop Architects.
The client wanted a bright light filled house with lots of porches. So, according to the architects, “We designed a house that is also a porch.” The outer shell is a timber structure sheathed in redwood lattice and covered with a translucent plastic roof. In the close-up photo you can see how the lattice envelopes the house like an architectural cloud. Openings cut into the lattice create famed vistas into the surrounding landscape. It’s an abstract geometric version of the old double-decker veranda (photos courtesy TGH Architects).
A porch doesn’t need to be strictly exterior space; it all depends on the materials used and proximity to the outdoors, as shown in this marvelous vacation home designed by Argentinian Martin Gomez Arquitectos
for a beach site in Uruguay. The exterior wood decking comes indoors to form the flooring for the mainliving, dining, and cooking space, making it feel like an outdoor space even when the sliding window walls are closed. It’s another way of designing “a house that is also a porch.” (photo courtesy Remodelista — I am grateful to Remodelista editor Julie Carlson for this example).
Naturally at Houseplans.com we have many examples -- like Bungalow Plan 461-3 at the top of this post.Here are some of our latest: Plan 497-19 (above) with its porch at the back, and Plan 17-2512 (below) with a long porch at
I’m ready to grab one of those rockers. Happy Independence Day!